• Egypt 5000
• Caryotherapy = Chiropractic = Chiropractic
“Human nature has the ability to heal itself, the physician's duty is to provide the patient with the environment in which to use these abilities.’’ Natura art, medicus curat.
Hippocrates spoke of manipulation and its benefits. “Vertebrae are shifting only slightly, not so much, and if the physician uses his hands and eyes well, he can replace the spines. If this old art is applied well, there is no harm to the patient.
In the 5th century before Christ, Hypocrates wrote that many diseases could be treated with manual therapy. Articles about this treatment in ancient Asia, Central Asia, India, Central and Eastern Europe have survived to the present day.
In America, surgeon and anatomist Andrew Still opened his first private osteopathic medical school in 1874 and began training osteopaths with a two-year training.
Nowadays, osteopaths who are trained in manipulation and mobilization for an additional 400 hours, except for all medical education, graduate with doctor's osteopath titre and can specialize in any branch of medicine they want.
Osteopaths use long lever arms (head, trunk, extremities) to intervene. They apply soft tissue techniques, facilitation methods and different mobilization techniques.
In 1895, a merchant, Daniel Palmer was very impressed by his manipulation and founded the chiropractic school.
The chiropractic schools started as a seminar which was completed in 14 days but today it has become a 4-year high school where all basic and clinical branches are taught except for pharmacology. Chiropractors try to move the short lever arms (such as the transverse processes of the vertebrae) by special methods during the intervention. They have been limited to specific manipulations and subluxation theories.
Swiss internal medicine specialist O. Naegelli treated headaches and other cervical disorders in particular.
The German Manual Therapy Association was founded in 1955 by Sell and Wolf to provide training only to physicians.
Professor Dr. Mennel chose to explain and demonstrate diagnostic interventions to medical students and therapeutic interventions to physiotherapists in the UK.
In the 1970s Dr. Maignie introduced manipulation lessons in medical education and provided additional one-year specialized training to FTR assistants on this subject.
In 1972, H. Frisch introduced the 260-hour curriculum for specialist physicians as training standards for manual therapy. Professor Dr. Huseyin Nazlikul completed his education in manual medicine in 1995 at Frisch.
Professor Karel Lewitt was founded in 1958 with the participation of Belgium, England, France, Scandinavian countries, West Germany and the International Federation for Manual / Musculoskeletal Medicine (FIMM).
In 1965, the International Federation of Manual Medicine convened for the first time in London. In our country, manual therapy was partially applied and trained by Sabri Narman and Ismet Cetin Yalcin
In 2008, the Manual Medicine Association was co-chaired by H. Nazlıkul.
In 2019, Huseyin Nazlikul founded the Manuel Medicine - Pain Regulation Association (MTAR), of which he is the founder and chairman of the Board of Directors.